Remembering the women who helped MLK propel the civil rights movement

first_imgDr. Martin Luther King with his wife Correta Scott. (© Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)(NEW YORK) — As the nation celebrates Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on Monday, what would have been his 90th birthday, it is also a time to remember the women who helped King propel the civil rights movement forward.“There would be no King holiday, no civil rights movement, no opportunity to be reflective of how far we’ve come if it wasn’t for scores of women,” said Marcia Chatelain, associate professor of history and African American studies at Georgetown University.“For every name we know, there are scores of names we don’t know because of sexism,” she said. “It’s incredible, the fact that women still continue to participate and make sure that more room is created so that future generations don’t have to confront the biases that women in the past faced.”There were women who boycotted, women who organized carpools and held bake sales and women who strategized with King, all of whom helped chart the course of history.Here are five women to know more about as the nation marks Martin Luther King Jr. Day:Coretta Scott King“I believe Martin was chosen, I believe I was chosen, and I say to the kids, this family was chosen as well,” Coretta Scott King said in her posthumous memoir, My Life, My Love, My Legacy.Scott King, a mother of four, remained by her husband’s side throughout his almost 13 years as the leader of the modern American Civil Rights Movement and up until his assassination in 1968.She would ultimately go on to preserve her husband’s memory through the Martin Luther King Center for Nonviolent Social Change in Atlanta, Georgia, as well as lobby for 15 years to help establish Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a federal holiday.Journalist Barbara Reynolds, who traveled with Scott King and wrote her posthumous memoir, said people have to look no further than the Montgomery bus boycott to see Scott King’s influence.Just before the boycott, in 1956, the Kings’ Montgomery house was bombed while Scott King was home alone with their infant daughter. They both survived and Scott King refused to leave Montgomery, even after her father and father-in-law pleaded with her to do so.“She told them that she was married to Martin but she was also married to the movement,” Reynolds recalled. “Dr. King later said that if she had left, he would have left and if he would have left, people say there may have never been a Montgomery bus boycott.”“We have to talk about the courage of the women in this movement,” Reynolds said.Dorothy CottonDorothy Cotton was invited by King to work at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the center of the civil rights movement.Cotton served as the conference’s national director of education for 12 years, helping to train countless activists in non-violent action. She was the only female member of the executive staff and a close confidant of King, according to the Cotton Institute.Cotton is credited with typing King’s “I Have a Dream” speech in a hotel room in Washington. She was also in Memphis, at the same hotel as King, before his assassination in 1968, according to The New York Times.Jo Ann RobinsonJo Ann Robinson was a college professor who is remembered as the real architect of the Montgomery bus boycott, according to Reynolds.King even praised Robinson in his memoir.“Apparently indefatigable, she, perhaps more than any other person, was active on every level of the protest,” he wrote, according to the King Institute at Stanford University.Robinson was the first person in her family to graduate from college and became a teacher in Montgomery, Alabama. There, Robinson was degraded by a bus driver for sitting in the bus’ “whites only” section, according to the National Museum of African American History and Culture.When Robinson later became president of the Women’s Political Council in Montgomery, she made it a priority to desegregate the city’s buses. She became a key player behind the scenes of the Montgomery bus boycott and was arrested and faced acts of violence and intimidation.Robinson was among the boycott’s leaders who eventually had their homes guarded by state police, according to the NMAAHC.Ella BakerElla Baker is credited with organizing and guiding countless leaders through her work at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and as a founder of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.She moved from New York City to Atlanta in the late 1950s to help King run the SCLC. Baker then went on to organize student activists with the SNCC after the Greensboro, North Carolina sit-ins where black college students were denied service at a Woolworth’s lunch counter, according to the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights.“She believed in the power of every person to be a leader,” said Chatelain. “Her principles informed the generation of people whom King was able to mobilize.”Baker was nicknamed “Fundi,” a Swahili word meaning a person who teaches a craft to the next generation, according to the Ella Baker Center.Rosa ParksRosa Parks is famous for starting the Montgomery bus boycott by refusing to give up her seat to a white male passenger on a public bus. But historians say there is much more to the woman known as the “mother of the civil rights movement.”“She is hugely important and hugely misunderstood,” said Jeanne Theoharis, distinguished professor of political science at Brooklyn College of CUNY. “Her stand on the Montgomery bus came out of her long resistance.”Parks was a lifelong activist who served as secretary and youth leader of her local branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, according to the The Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development, which she co-founded in the 1980s to help young people.Years before the bus boycott, Parks helped work on behalf of Recy Taylor, a young black mother and sharecropper who was abducted and gang raped in Alabama by six white men.“She investigated sexual violence against black women, was thinking of the ways black women were ignored by justice system and she organized other black women,” Chatelain said of Parks. “Her activism before the bus boycott was strong.”Parks “created a platform that King could carry on,” according to Chatelain.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. 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Curriculum & Retention Programs Coordinator

first_imgExperience in studentsuccess, retention, and degree attainment programming  Experience workingdirectly with students and faculty on initiatives designed toimprove the educational experience  Program creation,management, evaluation, and/or research in highereducation  Familiarity with basicstatistics and data analysis, as well as general qualitative andquantitative  research methods   Support Deans, AssociateDeans, and Chairs in analysis of course scheduling patterns toenact larger curricular goals of equity andefficiency.    Ability to learn andoperate systems such as Curriculog and Section.  Student Retention Initiatives  Research best practicesin student retention and degree completion, emphasizing theequitable and inclusive support of Native American students,student of color, first generation students, and Pell-eligiblestudents.   Help design FLC-specificretention programming, implement aspects of this programming bymeeting with faculty and students, and monitor, assess, and reporton progress of this programming.   Knowledge of studentsupport and services functions that impact retention in highereducation,    A demonstratedcommitment to diversity, equity, inclusion, and student success, aswell as working with broadly diverse communities  Preferred Qualifications Advanced degree from anaccredited institution  One ormore years of experience in higher education services, support, oradministration  Experience in curriculumdesign and assessment    Moderate noise(i.e. business office with computers, phone, and printers, lighttraffic).   Ability to work in aconfined area.  Ability to sit at acomputer terminal for an extended period of time.  Compensation  Salary is $51,500 per year plusa comprehensive benefits package.  Application Process A complete application packet includes: Cover letter addressinginterest and qualifications for position  Ability to write clearlyand succinctly, creating email, website, and newslettercommunication for faculty and student audiences  Ability to communicatedata analysis in organized and understandable ways, both orally andin writing  Experience developingand leading trainings or workshops  Ability to understand,reference and adhere to federal and state educational regulations,policies and procedures  Major Responsibilities Curriculum and SchedulingInitiatives   Support the CurriculumCommittee, Academic Cabinet, and Registrar’s Office with multi-stepprocess of reviewing curriculum proposals and facilitating theirapproval in accordance with FLC policy.    Oversee therecord-keeping in Curriculog required by the curriculum approvalprocess.  Engage in regular reviewof new course proposals and initiatives, connecting their design tostrategic planning goals.  Support and facilitatenew program approval processes, tracking new program creation andreview, securing the efficient launch of new programs.   The successful candidate will be required to submitoriginal, official college transcripts,  and pass a background check. The College and theCommunity  FortLewis College, a public institution located in Durango, Colorado, offers degreeprograms in arts, business, education, health fields, humanities,social and natural sciences, and teacher education. Our inspiringmountain campus is located atop a scenic mesa overlooking historicDurango and situated between the San Juan Mountains and the desertSouthwest. We are committed to accessibleand high-quality baccalaureate education, and ourhallmarks are remarkably close relationships between students andfaculty, the freedom of intellectual exploration, and the challengeof experiential learning. Our 3,300 students come from 48 states,17 countries, with 36% Native American and Alaska Nativebackgrounds, and 11% Hispanic backgrounds. Durango is athriving multicultural community of 18,500 set along the beautifulAnimas River Valley. Averaging 300 sunny days per year, thecommunity is known for its outdoor lifestyle and friendly, festiveatmosphere. Durango is also the cultural and economic hub of theFour Corners region, rich in dining, shopping, and entertainment,and linked with airline service to hubs in Denver, Phoenix, andDallas.    * Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Part 106 ofthe Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) prohibit discrimination onthe basis of sex, including in admission and employment. Inquiriesabout the application of Title IX and CFR 106 to Fort Lewis Collegemay be directed to FLC’s Title IX Coordinator and/or to theAssistant Secretary for Civil Rights of the Department ofEducation.  ADAAAccommodations  Any person with a disability as defined by the ADA AmendmentsAct of 2008 (ADAAA) may be provided a reasonable accommodation uponrequest to enable the person to complete an employment assessment.To request an accommodation, pleasecontact Kristin Polens byphone 970-247-7459 or email [email protected] atleast five business days before the assessment date to allow usto evaluate your request and prepare for the accommodation.You may be asked to provide additional information, includingmedical documentation, regarding functional limitations and type ofaccommodation needed. Please ensure that you have this informationavailable well in advance of the assessment date. Strong analytical,written and oral communication skills  Strong organizationskills and the ability to manage multiple projects andchanging priorities  Technology skills andexperience appropriate for the position (Office Suite), with anability to learn additional academic technological tools such asBanner, Curriculog, Webopus, Canvas, and Section  The ability to fosterand maintain strong professional relationships and work in a teamsetting  Must be capable ofsimultaneously working on multiple, complex projects independentlyand with a team   Enter new courses andnew programs into annual Academic Catalog; edit Catalog forconsistency and correctness  Assist Provost Officewith performing comprehensive and targeted analyses of efficienciesand inefficiencies within curriculum and scheduling structures;provide recommendations for improvements; present work to and workwith faculty and administration to implementimprovements  Assist Provost’s Office,Chairs, and Associate Deans in processes that initiate, collect,review, edit, and finalize each semester’s course schedule inSection software program; assist Provost’s Office in continualmonitoring and revision of schedule to match students’ demands andneeds   Help overseeimplementation of course structuring for first-year students,ensuring students receive course “bundles” that match theiracademic interests   Work with AssociateDeans to oversee course equivalency approvals for specificpopulations such as study abroad students  center_img Hold retention-orientedmeetings with students, working with students to understandbarriers to student persistence in specificsub-populations.  Help design andimplement new programming aimed at returning or “stopped out”students  Help design andimplement new concurrent coursework pathways aimed at increasingenrollment from regional high schools  Help implement newtransfer student initiatives, including grant-funded “EquityTransfer” program designed to increase enrollment of transferstudents from community college partner  Support theimplementation and assessment of new initiatives that will provideacademic support services for specific student sub-populations,including concurrent, transfer, and returning students.  Support for Academic StandardsInitiatives   Supports the Registrar’sOffice, the Academic Standards Committee and designated staff withenforcing academic standards in accordance with FLCpolicy.   Helps process semesterand course withdrawal requests as well as Academic Disqualificationand Renewal processes in coordination with the Registrar’s Officeand Academic Standards Committee  Provide qualitativeand quantitative analysis of academic policies and helps withrevisions of policies to support student success.  Ability to operatesystems such as WebOpus, Banner, and Perceptive.  Support for the Office of InstitutionalResearch   Works with Office ofInstitutional Research to generate data needed for program,curricular, and retention initiatives.  Acts as liaison betweenInstitutional Research and faculty and staff for use of datadashboards and developing data requests as it relates to retentionand curriculum.  Other  Supports Coordinator ofAssessment and Academic Programs in the collection and analysis ofvarious assessment data to support curriculum and programreview   Resume Names and contactinformation for three current, professionalreferences Submit materials as one PDF file viaemail to: [email protected]  Position Summary The Curriculum & Retention Programs Coordinator is anintegral member of Academic Affairs, providing support to facultyand staff on academic program planning, implementation, andassessment as it pertains to the improvement of curricular andretention structures. This position emphasizes the design ofefficient, effective, inclusive, and sustainable academic programswith an emphasis on supporting new curriculum initiatives and newretention initiatives.  Minimum Qualifications Bachelor’s degree froman accredited institution  Knowledge of curriculumstructures in higher education, including the organization of majorrequirements, course pre-requisites, general educationrequirements, minors, concentrations, and certificates.  Ability to work withAcademic Departments on curriculum planning andimplementation   Include detailsregarding how your personal and professional experiences allow youto encourage a learning environment grounded in equity andinclusion.  “How do you envision contributing to Fort LewisCollege’s commitment to equity and inclusion?”  Support developingcurricular and retention initiatives from the Provost’sOffice, providing assistance for curricular strategies originatingfrom the Provost’s Office.  Utilizes assessment andsurvey data to aid the Provost’s Office in initiatives supportingadvising, retention, and diversity, equity andinclusion.  Demonstrates acommitment to diversity, equity, inclusion, and student success, aswell as working with broadly diverse communities  Maintains knowledge andawareness of digital accessibility including the American withDisabilities Act and Section 508.  Produces and remediatesdigitally accessible materials in accordance with FLCstandards.   Application materials receivedby April25, 2021, will receivefull consideration. Position will remain open untilfilled.  including advising,success coaching, summer bridge programs, academic alerts, academicpolicies, success interventions, and graduationmapping   Interest in andcommitment to assessing curriculum and program innovations andtheir impact on retention and graduation rates for underserved,transfer, and returning students and first-generation students,Native American students, and students of color  Ability to work withconfidential student information in a discreet manner   Equal Opportunity   Fort Lewis College does not discriminate on the basis of race,age, color, religion, national origin, sex*, disability, sexualorientation, gender identity, gender expression, family or domesticstatus, political beliefs, veteran status, pregnancy, or geneticinformation. Accordingly, equal opportunity for employment shall beextended to all persons. The College shall promote equalopportunity, equal treatment, and affirmative action efforts toincrease the diversity of students, faculty, and staff. The Collegeis dedicated to building a culturally diverse and pluralisticfaculty and staff committed to teaching and working in amulticultural environment.  To file a report, get resources, read policies, or make anappointment, See  Questions about Title IX sex discrimination?  Office of the Title 9 Coordinator  Molly Wieser  230 Skyhawk Station  1000 Rim Drive  Durango, Colorado 81301  (970) 247-7241 [email protected]  Other discrimination questions?   Office of the Equal Opportunity Coordinator  David Pirrone  192 Education Business Hall  1000 Rim Drive  Durango, Colorado 81301  (970) 247-7182 [email protected]  Information about Fort Lewis College’s alcohol and drug policy,sexual assault policy, campus security policies, campus crimestatistics, fire safety procedures and fire statistics, andcampus/community resources can be found in the AnnualSecurity and Fire Safety Report. Hard copies areavailable upon request.  Perform other duties asassigned  Work Conditions The work environment characteristics described here arerepresentative of those that an employee can expect while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonableaccommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilitiesto perform the essential functions.  last_img read more

‘Innovative’ financial list formally unveiled

first_imgA specialist list hosted at the Rolls Building to deal with financial market cases has taken a further step towards full operation with the publication of practice directions at a formal unveiling last night. Speaking before representatives from the legal and financial professions, lord chancellor Michael Gove praised the financial list, which launched on 1 October, as one of the most ‘exciting innovations in the field of British justice’.  The list was a key part in ensuring the modernisation of the legal system, he said.Bank of England deputy governor Sir Jon Cunliffe said the central bank ‘wholeheartedly supports’ the initiative for financial stability and competitive reasons.‘This isn’t just something that matters for the UK and UK financial stability. It is something that matters [for] international financial stability as well,’ he said.Lord chief justice Lord Thomas of Cwmgiedd said that the list would be kept under review, but added: ‘I do hope this initial experiment will work and we will try and improve it wherever possible.’The financial list will initially run as a two-year pilot until the end of September 2017. Cases will be heard by 12 judges from the Commercial Court and Chancery Division.Alasdair Douglas, chair of the City of London Law Society, said: ‘The facility to bring market test cases, where authoritative legal guidance is needed, will be an important feature of the financial list initiative. ‘Litigants expect judges to be familiar with the subject matter of a case, and the financial list will offer the assurance that these significant cases will be heard by a high-calibre judge who, for example, has an understanding of the global financial markets.‘The financial list will improve, and be seen to improve, the service provided by the English courts to international litigants.’The first case, between foreign parties and concerning derivatives transactions, was transferred onto the financial list last week and is in the course of being tried by Mr Justice Blair.last_img read more

Big Reds’ amazing comeback falls just short in a 54-50 loss in D1 state semifinals

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We will try not to show you such ads again. $3.99 By Steve Gunn and Andrew JohnsonLocalSportsJournal.comGRAND RAPIDS – There are different ways to look at the Muskegon girls basketball team’s exciting and heartbreaking loss to Southfield Arts and Technology on Friday at Calvin College in Grand Rapids.On one hand, the Big Reds stunned and impressed the crowd by fighting all the way back from a 16-point halftime deficit and pulling with two points with less than a minute left in the game.On the other hand, the Big Reds missed a lot of shots – including 17 of 18 in an icy-cold first quarter. If just a few of those shots had fallen…And what if Muskegon star Alyza Winston had drawn a foul, instead of being called for traveling, as she went in for the tying layup with 16 seconds…Alyza Winston drives to the hoop for Muskegon. Photo/Jason GoormanBut the what ifs will never be answered, and the Big Reds were left with a 54-50 loss in the Division 1 state semifinals.Muskegon finished its outstanding season with a 21-5 record, and won the O-K Black Conference championship and district and regional titles along the way. The run to the semifinals was the farthest the Big Red girls have ever advanced in the state tournament.Southfield A&T advances to Saturday’s state title game against Saginaw Heritage, which beat Wayne Memorial in the other Division 1 semifinal.“It was very memorable,” said Winston about the team’s tournament run, which included six wins before Friday’s loss. “We worked really hard to get here. I was hoping to get further but it’ll always mean a lot to me with the coaching staff, players, and I’ll never forget any of it.”The game appeared all but over after a terrible first half for Muskegon.Both teams had trouble getting on track in the first half, and nobody scored until 2:43 had passed in the game, when Southfield’s Alexis Johnson hit a jumper for a 2-0 lead.Nia Miskel drives through the lane against the Southfield pressure. Photo/Jason GoormanThe rest of the half belonged to Southfield, which led 13-2 after one quarter and 29-13 at halftime. Johnson led the Warriors with 10 points in the first two quarters.Muskegon, meanwhile, misfired badly in the first half, hitting only 1 of 18 shots in the first quarter and 4 of 12 in the second. The Big Reds were also crippled by eight turnovers in the first half.The Big Reds’ shooting improved as the game went on. They made 12 of 30 shots from the floor in the second half, but finished at only 28 percent, due to the icy cold first half.Muskegon didn’t get going from 3-point land until late in the game. The Big Reds were 1-for-5 in 3-point tries through the first three quarters, and ended up making only 3 of 20 attempts in the game.“It was just one of those where the lid was on the basket,” said Muskegon Coach Rodney Walker. “We couldn’t buy one. We started really, really slow, and I thought we had some good shots, but the ball just rolled in and out.“If a couple of those go in, I think it probably would’ve been a different game, because our confidence would’ve been a little bit better. Not making shots in the first quarter really just kind of set us back.”Brianna Alexander squares to for a Muskegon shot. Photo/Jason GoormanBut like they have all season, the Big Reds fought back, with Winston leading the way.They opened the second half with a 10-2 run, sparked by a jumper from Kailyn Nash, a layup by DaShonna Day, and six quick points from Winston, to narrow their deficit to 31-23 with 2 1/2 minutes gone in the third quarter.“I just let them know we’ve been here before,” said Walker about his halftime message to his team. “Don’t pay attention to the score. It’s 0-0 right now. Just try to do what we do defensively and get some steals and create some turnovers to create momentum.”Southfield rebuilt its lead to 44-31 after three, and it once again looked like Muskegon would fall far short.Then the Big Reds roared back again, opening the fourth quarter with an 11-2 run over the first four minutes to pull within four points, 46-42. Winston led the uprising with five points, Day added four and Brianna Alexander sank a pair of free throws.Muskegon trailed 52-44 with under three minutes left when it made its final move to complete the comeback.Jakayla Anderson hit a huge 3-pointer with 2:28 left, making the score 52-47.De’shonna Day cuts through the lane and finds the hoop for Muskegon. Photo/Jason GoormanSouthfield still led 52-47 with 1:50 left, and with no shot clock in play, held the ball for 39 seconds before being fouled and going to the line for a 1-and-1.But the Warriors were called for a lane violation on the first free throw with 1:11 remaining, giving the Big Reds the ball and another opportunity.Day nailed a triple with 51 seconds left, making the score 52-50, then Southfield turned the ball over in its next possession when a player stepped out of bounds.Muskegon went for the game-tying shot, and Winston drove the lane for a layup, but was called for travelling with 16 seconds remaining. Television monitors on the sideline noted contact with a defender, and it appears she might have been fouled on the play, but the travel call stood and Southfield got the ball back.“Of course, I’m going to think differently,” Walker said about the call. “I thought she got bumped and he called a travel. Either way it goes, one call doesn’t decide a game and I don’t want to get into that. At end of the day it was one of those calls I wish would’ve went our way.”The Big Reds were forced to foul after that, and Southfield’s Soeil Barnes hit two free throws with six seconds left to seal the victory.Winston finished with a game-high 25 points, including 18 in the second half. Day was the only other Big Red in double figures with 13 points. Nia Miskel led Muskegon with 10 rebounds while Day snagged seven,Johnson paced Southfield with 18 points, while Cheyenne McEvans and Barnes each scored 12. A Warrior’s Heart Shares Add Comments (Max 320 characters)last_img read more